The knee, the largest joint of the body has several functions to perform – supporting the body’s weight, squatting, pivoting and more. It also has to perform many common functions that we depend on to get through daily life.
A knee injury or arthritis, inflammation and pain can often limit the flexibility of the knee. The continuous deterioration of the joint and surrounding tissue makes it difficult to perform daily activities. Knee replacement surgery is a good solution for those people whose knees have worn out from this deterioration.
As per studies and experts, more than 7% of people who are in their 70s and 10% of people in 80s have undergone a knee replacement surgery. Basically, the surgery is performed to alleviate the pain caused by severe knee arthritis.
More than 90% of knee replacement surgeries are successful and the patients who recover from the surgery report improved knee function and less knee pain. Total knee replacement is major surgery and the recovery would take several months of physical therapy. Due to this reason, patients are always asked to first try non-surgical treatments before they consider knee replacement.
For more than 90 percent of patients who have undergone knee replacement surgery have got dramatic pain relief. The procedure is done to replace knees that are damaged by osteoarthritis and is considered to be one of the most effective and safest procedures.
In a total knee replacement surgery, a surgeon removes some bone and cartilage from areas such as thighbone and shinbone, the area where it meets the knee joint. The knee area of the thighbone is replaced with a metal implant and knee area around the shinbone is replaced with a plastic implant. This, in turn, provides both the bones of the knee joint smooth surfaces once again so the flexibility is maintained and its bends more painlessly and freely. The surgeon would in some cases replace the undersurface of the kneecap with a plastic coating.
Who is the eligible candidate for knee replacement surgery?
Patients who are eligible for this surgery have:
People with moderate to severe pain even while they rest and that which affects sleep.
Total knee replacement recovery
After the knee replacement surgery, you are expected to spend four to five days at the hospital. Before leaving the operating room, the knee will be put in a passive motion machine.
A weight bearing therapy plus a combination of occupational and physical therapy will be advised after the operation. And in most cases, the patients will be able to stand and walk with the help of a cane or walker, before they leave the hospital.
After the operation most of the recovery, care and rehabilitation are at home after the patient leaves the hospital. The doctor usually prescribes physical therapy at a local clinic for rehabilitation. At the clinic, the doctor or physical therapist will suggest exercises that one can do at home too.
The recovery period for everyone is totally different after a knee replacement. It normally takes around 12-14 weeks to complete the total rehabilitation and recovery process and around 7 to 8 months to a year to get back to normal life.
Where to have knee replacement surgery?
Knee replacement surgery, like any other joint replacement surgery is totally dependent on the skill and experience of the surgeon. A certified orthopedic surgeon who has experience and practices extensively in knee subspecialty is the best for the surgery.
Ravi Hospital provides comprehensive orthopedic care from diagnosis, surgery, recovery and beyond. We take a holistic approach to treating orthopedic like hip replacement, knee replacement problems and focus on diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation serviced.
Ravi Hospital takes a team approach to Orthopedic care. We provide newer orthopedic services, procedures such as minimally invasive surgeries, advanced external fixation etc. We offer exceptional orthopedic care by combining expertise, vast experience of orthopedicians and highly specialized treatment options, to offer.
We have some of the best team of orthopedic surgeons in Hyderabad , highly qualified and with exposure to orthopedic treatments abroad. We offer immediate care for orthopedic injuries with less wait time, as we have 24/7 in-house laboratory services, 24-hour critical care team and intensive care unit to offer utmost care to the patient.